Sports Medicine

Protecting our community's athletes, Baylor Scott & White Surgical Hospital at Sherman Sports Medicine Program is a Credentialed ImPACT Consultant.

The worst thing for an athlete to do after having a concussion is returning to play too soon and suffering another concussion.  Baylor Scott & White Surgical Hospital at Sherman's Sports Medicine team is committed to arming the coaches and school districts, athletes and parents, and local physicians with the tools they need to protect our young athletes.

The ImPACT Test

ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) is the first, most-widely used, and most scientifically validated computerized concussion evaluation system. 

Developed in the early 1990's by Drs. Mark Lovell and Joseph Maroon, ImPACT is a 20-minute test that has become a standard tool used in comprehensive clinical management of concussions for athletes of all ages. ImPACT Applications, Inc. was co-founded by Mark Lovell, PhD, Joseph Maroon, MD, and Michael (Micky) Collins, PhD. 

Given the inherent difficulties in concussion management, it is important to manage concussions on an individualized basis and to implement baseline testing and/or post-injury neurocognitive testing. This type of concussion assessment can help to objectively evaluate the concussed athlete's post-injury condition and track recovery for safe return to play, thus preventing the cumulative effects of concussion. In fact, neurocognitive testing has recently been called the "cornerstone" of proper concussion management by an international panel of sports medicine experts. 

ImPACT can be administered by an athletic trainer, school nurse, athletic director, team coach, team doctor, or anyone trained to administer baseline testing. ImPACT is the most widely used computer-based testing program in the world and is implemented effectively across high school, collegiate, and professional levels of sport participation.

Test Features
Measures player symptoms
Measures verbal and visual memory, processing speed and reaction time
Reaction time measured to 1/100th of second
Assists clinicians and athletic trainers in making difficult return-to-play decisions
Provides reliable baseline test information
Produces comprehensive report of test results

The test battery consists of a near infinite number of alternate forms by randomly varying the stimulus array for each administration. This feature was built in to the program to minimize the "practice effects" that have limited the usefulness of more traditional neurocognitive tests. 

ImPACT takes approximately 20 minutes to complete. The program measures multiple aspects of cognitive functioning in athletes, including: 

Attention span
Working memory
Sustained and selective attention time
Response variability
Non-verbal problem solving
Reaction time

You can find more information about ImPACT on their website.